Mutli-National Company Entering India - Research Paper Example Gazprom operates in the industry of natural gas. From the demand side the factors affecting sales of the company and its profitability are weather, demographics, economic growth, fuel consumption, storage and exports. From the supply side, the factors affecting sales are pipeline capacity, storage, gas drilling, natural phenomena, technical issues and imports. The demand of natural gas has followed the cyclical pattern. It depends on time and season changes. The peak season of demand is the coldest months while demand is low in the hotter months although demand increases slightly in summer to meet the requirements of electric generators. The price of natural gas can affect demand of particularly those consumers who have the capacity to switch the fuel of their dependence. An expanding economy tends to give rise to more demand for the industrial consumers. The study of the recent activities of Gazprom will reveal whether the company is utilizing its resources. The company in collaboration with Shell is on the discussion to take joint efforts abroad with Russia as the epicenter. The company is progressing with the joint projects of EDF and Total. The company launched the informatorium website in English (Gazprom, 2012). It recently completed the pre-commissioning of Bovanenkovo. Along with DONG Energy the company is developing investment rationale for the projects of power generation in North Western Europe. Brief Summary of the business A straight forward market structure characterized the market for natural gas prior to deregulation and unbundling of pipeline. The industry has changed dramatically in the present times and exposed to choice and competition. Free market regulates the prices. Interstate pipelines offers on the components of transportation which is under the regulation of the federal. LDCs are continuing to offer bundled products although many states allow the use of distribution network but only for transportation. Producers or LDCs are the supplier to the end users. Marketers are present in the existing market structure. They serve in the process of mobilizing natural gas from producers to end users. Marketers can have their mark in sale and transport of natural gas. Fluctuations In exchange rate The following chart and the table show the fluctuations in the exchange rate: SDRs per currency unit for the period January 31, 2010 - January 30, 2011 Date Indian rupee(INR) Russian ruble(RUB) 1-Feb-10 0.01393 Â 0.0212344 Â 2-Mar-10 0.0142143 Â 0.0218208 Â 5-Apr-10 0.0147268 Â 0.0225517 Â 4-May-10 0.0149466 Â 0.0227324 Â 1-Jun-10 0.0146398 Â 0.0219997 Â 2-Jul-10 0.0143573 Â 0.0214848 Â 2-Aug-10 0.0142177 Â 0.0217556 Â 1-Sep-10 0.0140855 Â 0.0214345 Â 1-Oct-10 0.0143587 Â 0.0210278 Â 1-Nov-10 0.0142717 Â 0.0206002 Â 1-Dec-10 0.0143023 Â 0.020779 Â 10-Jan-11 0.0144437 Â 0.0216247 Â 1-Feb-11 0.0139117 Â 0.0214905 Â 1-Mar-11 0.0140906 Â 0.0221084 Â 6-Apr-11 0.0142449 Â 0.0223142 Â 3-May-11 0.0139446 Â 0.0226197 Â 1-Jun-11 0.0139248 Â 0.0223499 Â 1-Jul-11 0.0140143 Â 0.0224329 Â 1-Aug-11 0.014103 Â 0.0225737 Â 2-Sep-11 0.0136119 Â 0.0214996 Â 3-Oct-11 0.013013 Â 0.0197337 Â 1-Nov-11 0.0129771 Â 0.0207838 Â 1-Dec-11 0.0124078 Â 0.0207745 Â 9-Jan-12 0.0124032 Â 0.0203137 Â The factors that contribute to the changes in the exchange
In regards to animals, the issue of rights and whether they exist becomes a touchy subject. In the essay, â€œNonhuman Animal Rights: Sorely Neglected,â€ author Tom Regan asserts that animals have rights based upon inherent value of experiencing subjects of a life. Reganâ€™s argument will first be expressed, later explained, and evaluated in further detail. Lastly, that fact that Regan thinks rights are harbored under the circumstance of being an experiencing subject of a life will also be discussed in terms of the incapacitated, etc. Regan positively argues that both human and nonhuman individuals are experiencing subjects of a life. Experiencing subjects of a life have an inherent value, which is nevertheless, equal among the populace. Oneâ€™s usefulness is not a factor in regards to oneâ€™s inherent value, and they have an equal right to be treated with respect. Nonhumans have rights based upon denoted inherent value, thus the use of the individual in an exploitive manner, compromises the moral foundation of rights. Regan claims that both human and nonhuman individuals are experiencing subjects of a life. Basically, if something is â€œa conscious creature having an individual welfareâ€ (Regan 69), then it is a subject of a life. The usefulness of said individual is not important in this instance but will be further discussed. Utility is unimportant in the grand scheme of the moral equality of value. Regan argues that subjects of a life â€œwant and prefer things, believe and feel things, recall and expect thingsâ€¦all make a difference to the quality of our lifeâ€¦they [animals] too must be viewed as the experiencing subjects of a life, with inherent value of their ownâ€ (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Individuals and animals are not diffe... ... fact that the subjects of a life claim draws nonhumans into the view of having rights morally, Regan inadvertently sections some of the humans off of this foundation. In an attempt to expand his view on what deserves rights, he may have just narrowed the field at the same time. Regan sums up worth and rights with his abstract view of inherent value. How is said value measured? Although some areas of Reganâ€™s argument seem a bit fuzzy, his attempt to align rights to more than just humans is satisfying. Works Cited "The Moral Status of Animals." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University, 13 Sep 2010, Web. 23 Feb 2012. entries/moral-animal/>. Regan, Tom. â€œNonhuman Animal Rights: Sorely Neglected.â€ You Decide!: Current Debates in Contemporary Moral Problems. Ed. Bruce N. Walker. New York: Pearson, 2006. 64-71.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.